Art Deco Era:
1920 – 1945
Emerging at the conclusion of World War 1, this is one of the most iconic and most recreated of the eras. The design aesthetic drastically shifted, from the nature-based beginning eras to angular, geometric, and architectural inspiring. This era was clean cut and bold, die-struck filigree was then hand finished, intricate symmetrical basket style rings with breathtaking open work, and lavalier necklaces are predominately worn. The open work and filigree details were ideal effects that allowed metal to be used more sparingly. Giving the pieces of this time a lighter, less bulky feel. Popular items include dinner and cocktail rings, octagonal/hexagonal settings, stepped shoulders, filigree linked bracelets, pearls, and lavalier necklaces. Typically crafted in white gold, platinum (although costly), camphor glass or chromium plated metals. Diamond, aquamarine, pearl, jade, onyx, and topaz are prevalent in these creations, thanks to technology advances synthetic sapphires and rubies are well used in this era as well. Along with creating gems, advances in gem cutting were also achieved. Baguette, brilliant cut, fancy cuts like emerald and Asscher cuts come into the spotlight, while still utilizing old European cut and cabochon. This span of time is known for the angular, symmetrical designs, utilizing machines to create filigree details and pops of bold color (created or natural), catching the attention of those around the wearer.